Kolkata in today’s generation is a place where you can see mixed cultures, emotions, traditions, art & architecture. But the devotion of people of the city of joy always remains the same We can tell that people are getting modern, they are adopting modern cultures, traditions, art and many more things. But the devotion that is in the inner mind always remains the same. Here comes the importance of the temples where the people of Kolkata basically Hindus find a place of inner peace & calmness. Temples hold an important place in a human’s mind and it is often seen to be a symbol of hope to a human being.
The primary purpose of having temples for worship is to see or to have a darshan of the gods and goddesses We can also tell that the temple lies for the devotees to concentrate on worshipping the god because god must be worshipped with humility without pride tolerance, renovation of objects or self-gratification and the environment of the temple helps humans in attaining this stage in concentrating on their desired of objectives.
It is said that God lies in a human’s faith and belief and a temple is a place where people believe that God exists. That is why the temple is considered so much important in the Hindu culture.
If we dig some history we will basically get to discover that the concept of Hinduism runs in two parallel lines.
On one hand, some Hindus believe in the concept of nirguna Brahma (God without manifestation) and on the other half some Hindus believe in shagun god (embodied form of god). It is. It is considered that the human body are emboided souls so it becomes easier for humans to believe in shagun god.
Now let’s discuss some important temples of kolkata.
Kalighat is considered as one of the 51 Shakti peeth where the right foot of Dakshayami or sati fell. Kalighat is famous for the worship of Devi Kali. If we go deep down the history of the temple Kalighat in Kolkata, it is presently around 200 years old and was built by Santosh Rai Choudhary who was a great devotee of goddess. Kali started the construction of the temple in 1798 and it took him almost 11 years to complete the construction which we see today as the Kalighat temple of Kolkata. The temple is basically located on the banks of Adi Ganga.
Kalighat is considered one of the popular and attractive religious sports of Kolkata and the temple is well connected by bus trams or any other modes of public or private transport. The nearest metro station to the Kalighat Mandir of Kolkata is Jatindas park, the northern exit and Kalighat southern exit. The Kalighat Mandir remains open on all weekdays from 5:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. then from 5:00 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. for all the devotees to visit and pray. And if you go by Kolkata tail suggestion, we would recommend you to visit the temple on Wednesday or Thursday to avoid crowds.
Photography is strictly prohibited inside the temple premises
Location:- Kalighat temple, 9 no bhagwati, Iswar Ganguly St, Kolkata, West Bengal 700026
Dakshineswar Kali Temple
The temple of Kolkata is a display of one of the finest architecture of Bengal. The founder of the navratna temple was Rani rash money which was almost around 168 years ago and the temple comprises 12 shift temples, one temple dedicated to Radhakrishna and one main temple of goddess Kali. If we look into the history of the temple, we will find that the temple was almost built in the middle of the 19th century by Rani Rashmoni a philanthropic activist. According to the traditional point of view, the night before the grimace began, Rani Rashmoni had a dream of goddess Kali in which she said that “There’s no need to visit Banaras built a temple of me with a statue on the banks of the river Ganga and arrange my worship there only I shall manifest myself in the image and accept worship at that place”
Location:- M945+626, Rani Rashmoni Rd, Housing Estate Colony, Dakshineswar, Dankuni, West Bengal 712311
The construction of the ancient heritage architecture started in 1970 and it took almost 26 long years to create the architectural beauty which is known as the Birla Mandir of Kolkata.
The construction of the architecture was done by the builder family at Ballygunge. The Mandir is specially dedicated to the avatars of Vishnu such as Rama and Krishna. The Birla Mandir of Kolkata shows the marvellous architectural beauty of the 20th century. The Mandir is based on white marble architecture which shows its dedication towards goddess Saraswati and it covers an area of 25,000 ft². The main temple statue Radha Krishna and on the left side of the temple remains goddess Durga and on the right side of the temple remains Shiva in meditation mode.
Location:- M8GP+366, Narayan Ashram Rd, Makaltala, Makhla, Uttarpara, West Bengal 712233
If you are a die-hard Krishna fan. Then the Iskcon temple of Kolkata is the best place for you. The Iskcon temple of Kolkata is a place of rich cultural heritage and the first temple was established in the year 1970 by Swami Prabhat. If we go into history then the birthplace of Swami Prabhat was TOLLYGUNGE Kolkata. Once you enter the Iskcon temple, the whole ambience and the environment will take you to the next level of devotion and peace. You can basically find yourself lost in the beauty and spirituality of the place. It basically follows a spiritual path mentioned in the scriptures of Bhagavad Gita and Bhagavad Purana with the aim to follow the divine lord Krishna which is considered as the supreme lord.
The founder of Iskcon Shri Prabhupada established 108 Wisconsin centers all around the world and in India. Iskcon was set up in 1970 that too in his own birthplace Kolkata at 3C Albert Road, near Minto Park. After the establishment in 1970, the 1st Yatra was also arranged in Kolkata by Iskcon in the year 1972. After that rath yatra in Kolkata has also become an annual festival.
Festivals that are celebrated in Iskcon are
Janmashtami, radhashtami, Ram Navami, Chandan Yatra, Julian Yatra, Karthik Massa, Gita Jayanti.
Location:- 81/1/2, Tollygunge Rd, Tollygunge, Kolkata, West Bengal 700033
Chinese Kali Temple
The Chinese Kali temple of Kolkata is situated in Tanger which is in East Kolkata and is also known as Chinatown as the name suggests. The place basically has some connection with China and this is the only temple that is recognized by the Chinese community of kolkata. Let’s first discuss the name and the story behind the Chinese Kali temple of Kolkata.
According to a story told by Ching who has been involved with the temple management for many years suddenly a boy from a Chinese family felt sick and was not responding to any kind of temple treatment. He was then rushed to an old daughter made of two black stones under the tree which was worshipped as incarnation of the goddess Kali by the local Bengalis. After their parents offered Pooja the black stone, the boys started responding and gradually recovered. And as gratitude, the boy’s parents built a Kali Mandir at the same location. The black stone and the tree are still inside the Chinese Kali temple.
Standing in today’s generation of Bengali Hindu frees still worship there and chance sunscreen month mantras and it is also seen that the Chinese community or the people belonging to them go down to pray with Chinese incense sticks and burning handmade papers and showing devotion to the power exist in there or the goddess
Location:- G9VV+Q26, Matheswartala Road, Tangra, Kolkata, West Bengal 700046
The balloon mode temple of Kolkata stands as the headquarters of a Ramakrishna Mart founded by Swami Vivekananda who was the disciple of Ramakrishna Paramanshan. The temple is located along the banks of the river Hugly shores its fine architecture and art, the temple itself serves as a symbol of unity for all religions, it fuses all religions such as Hindu, Islamic, Buddhist and Christian in the form of art and culture.
The 40 acres of land along the banks of the river Hoogly serves as a devotional and aesthetic place for its devotees to find peace. The belur math temple of Kolkata also serves as a prime location for tourist visits to Kolkata. The temple has an in-house museum which contains the history of the Ram Krishna Mart and several educational institutes affiliated to the Ram Krishna mission.
Location:- Belur, Howrah, West Bengal 711202
Paresh Nath Jain Temple
The positional Jain temple was established by Rabidas Bahadur in the year 1867 the temple comprises four main temples and the main shrine is dedicated to Shitalanath. The four main temples inside the positioner temples are Shitalanath Temple, Chandraprabhuji Temple, Mahavir Swami Temple and DadaWadi and kushal ji temple. It is one of the most important giant temples in Kolkata and is considered that lord Shital energy exists here which is the main attraction for its visitors. The Pareshnath temple of Kolkata displays an awesome view of ancient architecture with its top ceiling and mosaic temple wall. Both the interiors and the exteriors of the temple have splendid works of architecture along with beautiful coloured flower gardens and fountains. There is a lamp inside the Paresh Nath temple which burns with ghee inside the temple and is considered burning since the establishment of the temple in 1867.
Location:- 40, Kolkata, West Bengal 700006
Sri Bal Hanuman Mandir
Shree Bal Hanuman Mandir or Lal Baba Seva Sajan is situated in Laketown and is over 50 years old. The mandir doesn’t cover a large area though it is tall and you will get to see splendid work of marble architecture, both in the interiors and in the exteriors. The Hanuman Mandir of Kolkata has two exits. Upon entering, you will get to see the main mandir or temple in which resides Sri Bal Hanuman, towards the right of him resides Ram and Sita together and towards the left of him resides Radha and Krishna. There are two temples which are adjacent to the main temple one is dedicated to lord Shiva, and the other one is dedicated to Sri Hanuman Ram and Sita.
Location:- Block A, 358, Lake Town Rd, Lake Town, Kolkata, West Bengal 700089
The Mira Mandir of Kolkata is one of the underrated mandirs which is dedicated to mira. Though this place is not that much modern and extravagant as compared to the other temples. But this is a place dedicated to the worship of Krishna Mirabai and other Hindu deities. This is a place where you can find peace.
The mera mandir situation situated on Elign road is a perfect place to spend some quality time in the evening. Though this place is quite old, it is well maintained as you enter the temple, there is a large hall in which you can see all the deities placed and the most attractive section is the central section which is dedicated to Radha Krishna along with Vishnu Lakshmi Rama Sita and of course a beautiful sculpture of mira bai.
We would suggest you definitely watch the evening. Aarti which will give you a great sense of positivity in which every day is offered mantras along with flowers and accompanied by bhajans that will surely mesmerize you.
Location:- 6/1B, Moira St, Elgin, Kolkata, West Bengal 700017